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How to Plan for Recovery at Home After Surgery

By Amanda Gardner, Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on April 11, 2016

You can make your recovery at home go a lot smoother if you take a little time to plan ahead. Ask your doctor what you won't be able to do at first while you're healing up, and get help from friends and family to prepare your living space.

Do I need to make changes to my house?

This depends on the kind of operation you have. If it's a complicated one, like a joint replacement or stomach surgery, you may need to tweak a few things:

Stairs

If you can't climb up and down them after your surgery, you might have to make some changes. Is your bedroom is upstairs? You may need to sleep on the ground floor for a while.

Ask your friends or family to move your bed before you go into the hospital, or check into renting a hospital bed if you need it.

Stock your pantry

Ask your doctor if you have to stick to a certain diet. Make sure you're well supplied with the right food before you get back home.

Since you may feel tired during your recovery, prepare some meals before your operation and put them in the freezer.

Equipment

After some types of surgery, you'll need to have special gear at home. Plan ahead if your doctor tells you that you need oxygen tanks, elevated toilets, shower seats, supplies to care for your cut, or other items.

Get in touch with your insurance company to see if they're part of your coverage.

How can I stay safe from falls?

"People get dizzy because they haven't eaten for a few days and from being in bed," says Frederick L. Greene, MD, a medical director at the Levine Cancer Institute in Charlotte, N.C.

You may need to get a walker or crutches to cut down your risk of a spill.

To avoid stumbling:

  • Sleep in a bedroom near a bathroom.
  • Place night lights in hallways.
  • Get rid of the clutter in your home.
  • Wear flat shoes or slippers.

Will I need to hire someone?

Surgery can be a big deal. Sometimes it can sap your energy for days or weeks afterward. Your family may be able to help, or you might need a health care professional.

Make arrangements in advance if your surgeon suggests getting a nurse, physical therapist, or health aide. You can get recommendations from your friends, doctor, hospital’s home-care department, or insurance company. Make sure you schedule the first visit before you leave the hospital.

When can I get back to my normal activities?

Everyone wants to return to a regular routine as soon as possible. You're probably wondering about:

Driving

You can't get behind the wheel for at least 24 hours after surgery. You have to wait until the anesthesia, which kept you pain-free during your operation, fully wears off.

After some types of surgery, you'll need to hold off on driving until your recovery is well underway.

"It's not the inability to drive: It's the inability to react if you need to react quickly," Greene says. "If you had a [hernia operation] and pain of any kind in the abdomen, you can't push on the brake."

Travel

Some types of surgery, such as an operation on your eye, make flying a bad idea. The change in air pressure could be harmful.

Sex

You may be able to enjoy your love life soon after surgery, but it depends on the kind of operation you had. For example, after a hernia repair or a major procedure in your pelvic area, you might need to wait for 2 to 3 weeks or more.

Find out from your doctor when it's safe to have sex again.

Work

Ask your doctor when you can go back to your job. After you return, though, you'll still need to be careful.

"I would recommend not sitting for prolonged periods of time," Greene says. "You want to get up and walk around." It helps cut your risk of getting blood clots.

What complications do I need to watch for?

Sometimes you can have a setback after an operation. When you spot trouble early, you can often avoid some serious problems.

Be on the lookout for:

  • Fever, especially if it lasts for more than a day or is higher than 101.2 F
  • Pain that gets worse over time
  • Pain when you pee
  • Nausea and vomiting that don't go away
  • Racing heartbeat

Your recovery will go quicker than you think. Do your homework and make plans in advance so you can look forward to a quick and safe return to your regular routine.

 

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