- Act quickly. With severe bleeding, have the victim lie down. Call 911 or your local EMS.
- Control bleeding by applying steady direct pressure on the wound with a sterile pad, bandage, or clean cloth for a full 5 minutes. Control the bleeding before trying to clean the wound. Remove any jewelry from the area of the wound and if possible, hold the part of the body that is bleeding higher than the heart. If blood soaks through the cloth or pad, apply another one without lifting the first. If there is an object lodged in the wound, apply pressure around the object, not directly over it.
- If bleeding is controlled by direct pressure, apply a bandage firmly to protect the wound. Check pulse to be sure bandage is not too tight.
- If bleeding is not controlled by use of direct pressure, apply a tourniquet only as a last resort and then call 911 or your local emergency services.
- If you are bleeding and have no one to help you, call 911 or your local emergency services. Lie down, so your body weight applies pressure to the bleeding site.