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Heat Exhaustion

CAUTION!

Heatstroke is a life-threatening emergency, and mostly occurs indoors in overheated, under-ventilated areas..

Symptoms

May include: Fatigue; irritability; headache; faintness; weak, rapid pulse; shallow breathing; cold, clammy skin; profuse perspiration.

Treatment

For a victim who has stopped breathing:

  1. Instruct victim to lie down in a cool, shaded area or an air-conditioned room and elevate the victim's feet.
  2. Only if victim is conscious, give cool water or sports drink every 15 minutes until victim recovers. DO NOT give victim any alcoholic beverage.
  3. Use caution when letting victim first sit up, even after feeling recovered.

Heatstroke

Symptoms

May include: Extremely high body temperature (106°F or higher); hot, red, dry skin; absence of sweating; rapid pulse; confusion; convulsions; unconsciousness.

Treatment

For a victim who has stopped breathing:

  1. Call 911 or your local EMS immediately.
  2. Lower body temperature quickly by placing victim in cool place and removing as much outer clothing as possible.
  3. Wrap victim in cold, wet sheets and use fans and air conditioners until body temperature is reduced. If no sheets are available, cool the skin by sponging victim's body with cool–not cold–water until temperature is reduced.
  4. DO NOT give stimulating beverages, such as coffee, tea, or soda. DO NOT give alcoholic beverages. Do give water to drink.
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